Society of Interior Designers (ASID)
Interior Design Association (IIDA)
for Interior Design Education Research (FIDER)
Design Educators Council (IDEC)
Just as the name implies, residential interior design focuses
on the planning and/or specifying of interior materials and products used in private
residences. Residential interior designers must be aware of such issues as child
safety, family traffic patterns, home wiring and cable needs, switching and security
systems, and space requirements for home theater electronics and computer hardware,
and the different challenges facing the design of single-family and multi-unit
Commercial Interior Design
design focuses on the planning and design of public buildings and businesses --
everything from retail stores to restaurants and from museums to hospitals. Since
this type of design encompasses such a wide array of building types, some designers
concentrate on very particular areas, including: entertainment (theaters, concert
venues, theme parks), government/institutional (federal buildings, courts, libraries),
health care (hospitals, clinics, examination rooms), hospitality/restaurant (nightclubs,
restaurants, hotels), offices (both public and private areas), and retail/store
planning (boutiques, department stores, shopping malls).
Most large museums employ an Exhibit Designer whose job
it is to translate curatorial and educational ideas into gallery installations.
Not only must the Exhibit Designer have a highly refined understanding of art
objects and how they interact with one another in terms of color and scale, but
he or she must also be aware of the principles of conservation and preservation
of artworks so that they may be installed with proper light and safety precautions.
The Exhibit Designer works closely with the preparator and his or her crew to
fabricate special exhibition cabinets, cases, pedestals, or display tables, and
supervises the installation of the exhibition or permanent installation and designs
proper lighting once artworks are in place.
A room's lighting should be aesthetically pleasing as well as functional. A good
lighting designer will use combine intensities, direction and color of light to
create pleasing spaces. The knowledge and expertise of a lighting designer includes
an interior design background that can help size up your architectural needs;
an up-to-date knowledge of electrical codes; word on the latest technical advancements
in lighting and control systems; and experience with maintenance and energy issues.
A space planner creatively diagrams how a particular interior
space will be organized -- typically by working with commercial clients to maximize
space within offices, institutions or other large structures to ensure the space
is used efficiently. Space planners typically work alongside interior designers
or architectural firms.
Kitchen and Bath Designer
It's been recently estimated that nearly 60% of all home construction spending
goes towards renovations -- and the kitchen and bathrooms are the spaces of homes
most often renovated. As a result, there's great potential for interior designers
specializing in kitchen and bath design. These designers focus on construction
and mechanical systems, basics of kitchen and bath design, materials and estimation,
lighting, universal design and theme application, and computer-aided-drafting
specific for the kitchen and bathroom design industry. There is even a professional
organization -- the National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) -- for this specialized
form of interior design.
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